Design, Synthesis, and Properties of Phosphoramidate 2',5'-Linked Branched RNA: Toward the Rational Design of Inhibitors of the RNA Lariat Debranching Enzyme.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


J Org Chem, Volume 80, Issue 20, p.10108-18 (2015)


Amides, Humans, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Phosphoric Acids, RNA, RNA Nucleotidyltransferases, RNA Splicing, Solid-Phase Synthesis Techniques


<p>Two RNA fragments linked by means of a 2',5' phosphodiester bridge (2' hydroxyl of one fragment connected to the 5' hydroxyl of the other) constitute a class of nucleic acids known as 2'-5' branched RNAs (bRNAs). In this report we show that bRNA analogues containing 2'-5' phosphoramidate linkages (bN-RNAs) inhibit the lariat debranching enzyme, a 2',5'-phosphodiesterase that has recently been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases associated with aging. bN-RNAs were efficiently generated using automated solid-phase synthesis and suitably protected branchpoint building blocks. Two orthogonally removable groups, namely the 4-monomethoxytrityl (MMTr) group and the fluorenylmethyl-oxycarbonyl (Fmoc) groups, were evaluated as protecting groups of the 2' amino functionality. The 2'-N-Fmoc methodology was found to successfully produce bN-RNAs on solid-phase oligonucleotide synthesis. The synthesized bN-RNAs resisted hydrolysis by the lariat debranching enzyme (Dbr1) and, in addition, were shown to attenuate the Dbr1-mediated hydrolysis of native bRNA.</p>