Structural basis of HMCES interactions with abasic DNA and multivalent substrate recognition.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Nat Struct Mol Biol, Volume 26, Issue 7, p.607-612 (2019)
<p>Embryonic stem cell-specific 5-hydroxymethylcytosine-binding protein (HMCES) can covalently cross-link to abasic sites in single-stranded DNA at stalled replication forks to prevent genome instability. Here, we report crystal structures of the human HMCES SOS response-associated peptidase (SRAP) domain in complex with DNA-damage substrates, including HMCES cross-linked with an abasic site within a 3' overhang DNA. HMCES interacts with both single-strand and duplex segments of DNA, with two independent duplex DNA interaction sites identified in the SRAP domain. The HMCES DNA-protein cross-link structure provides structural insights into a novel thiazolidine covalent interaction between the DNA abasic site and conserved Cys 2 of HMCES. Collectively, our structures demonstrate the capacity for the SRAP domain to interact with a variety of single-strand- and double-strand-containing DNA structures found in DNA-damage sites, including 5' and 3' overhang DNAs and gapped DNAs with short single-strand segments.</p>