Structural basis for ribosome recycling by RRF and tRNA.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Nat Struct Mol Biol, Volume 27, Issue 1, p.25-32 (2020)
<p>The bacterial ribosome is recycled into subunits by two conserved proteins, elongation factor G (EF-G) and the ribosome recycling factor (RRF). The molecular basis for ribosome recycling by RRF and EF-G remains unclear. Here, we report the crystal structure of a posttermination Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome complexed with EF-G, RRF and two transfer RNAs at a resolution of 3.5 Å. The deacylated tRNA in the peptidyl (P) site moves into a previously unsuspected state of binding (peptidyl/recycling, p/R) that is analogous to that seen during initiation. The terminal end of the p/R-tRNA forms nonfavorable contacts with the 50S subunit while RRF wedges next to central inter-subunit bridges, illuminating the active roles of tRNA and RRF in dissociation of ribosomal subunits. The structure uncovers a missing snapshot of tRNA as it transits between the P and exit (E) sites, providing insights into the mechanisms of ribosome recycling and tRNA translocation.</p>