Structure of the human SENP7 catalytic domain and poly-SUMO deconjugation activities for SENP6 and SENP7.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:J Biol Chem, Volume 283, Issue 46, p.32045-55 (2008)
Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence, Catalytic Domain, Crystallography, X-Ray, Cysteine Endopeptidases, Endopeptidases, Humans, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Protein Binding, Sequence Alignment, SUMO-1 Protein
<p>Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteases regulate the abundance and lifetime of SUMO-conjugated substrates by antagonizing reactions catalyzed by SUMO-conjugating enzymes. Six SUMO proteases constitute the human SENP/ULP protease family (SENP1-3 and SENP5-7). SENP6 and SENP7 include the most divergent class of SUMO proteases, which also includes the yeast enzyme ULP2. We present the crystal structure of the SENP7 catalytic domain at a resolution of 2.4 angstroms. Comparison with structures of human SENP1 and SENP2 reveals unique elements that differ from previously characterized structures of SUMO-deconjugating enzymes. Biochemical assays show that SENP6 and SENP7 prefer SUMO2 or SUMO3 in deconjugation reactions with rates comparable with those catalyzed by SENP2, particularly during cleavage of di-SUMO2, di-SUMO3, and poly-SUMO chains composed of SUMO2 or SUMO3. In contrast, SENP6 and SENP7 exhibit lower rates for processing pre-SUMO1, pre-SUMO2, or pre-SUMO3 in comparison with SENP2. Structure-guided mutational analysis reveals elements unique to the SENP6 and SENP7 subclass of SENP/ULP proteases that contribute to protease function during deconjugation of poly-SUMO chains.</p>