Structure of the PknF and conformational changes induced in forkhead-associated regulatory domains.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Curr Res Struct Biol, Volume 3, p.165-178 (2021)
<p>() has 11 Serine-Threonine Protein Kinases (STPK) that control numerous physiological processes, including cell growth, cell division, metabolic flow, and transcription. PknF is one of the 11 Mtb STPKs that has, among other substrates, two FHA domains (FHA-1 and FHA-2) of the ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter Rv1747. Phosphorylation in T152 and T210 located in a non-structured linker that connects Rv1747 FHA domains is considerate to be the regulatory mechanism of the transporter. In this work, we resolved the three-dimensional structure of the PknF catalytic domain (cPknF) in complex with the human kinase inhibitor IKK16. cPknF is conserved when compared to other STPKs but shows specific residues in the binding site where the inhibitor is positioned. In addition, using Small Angle X-Ray Scattering analysis we monitored the behavior of the wild type and three FHA-phosphomimetic mutants in solution, and measured the cPknF affinity for these domains. The kinase showed higher affinity for the non-phosphorylated wild type domain and preference for phosphorylation of T152 inducing the rapprochement of the domains and significant structural changes. The results shed some light on the process of regulating the transporter's activity by phosphorylation and arises important questions about evolution and importance of this mechanism for the bacillus.</p>