Unusual space-group pseudosymmetry in crystals of human phosphopantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr, Volume 59, Issue Pt 10, p.1762-6 (2003)
Keywords:Carboxy-Lyases, Crystallization, Crystallography, X-Ray, Escherichia coli, Humans, Models, Molecular, Protein Structure, Quaternary, Protein Structure, Secondary, Recombinant Proteins, Static Electricity
<p>Phosphopantothenoylcysteine (PPC) decarboxylase is an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis of coenzyme A and catalyzes the decarboxylation of PPC to phosphopantetheine. Human PPC decarboxylase has been expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized. The Laue class of the diffraction data appears to be 3m, suggesting space group R32 with two monomers per asymmetric unit. However, the crystals belong to the space group R3 and the asymmetric unit contains four monomers. The structure has been solved using molecular replacement and refined to a current R factor of 29%. The crystal packing can be considered as two interlaced lattices, each consistent with space group R32 and with the corresponding twofold axes parallel to each other but separated along the threefold axis. Thus, the true space group is R3 with four monomers per asymmetric unit.</p>