Versatile modes of peptide recognition by the AAA+ adaptor protein SspB.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Nat Struct Mol Biol, Volume 12, Issue 6, p.520-5 (2005)
Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, Crystallography, X-Ray, Endopeptidase Clp, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli Proteins, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptide Fragments, Protein Conformation, RNA, Bacterial
<p>Energy-dependent proteases often rely on adaptor proteins to modulate substrate recognition. The SspB adaptor binds peptide sequences in the stress-response regulator RseA and in ssrA-tagged proteins and delivers these molecules to the AAA+ ClpXP protease for degradation. The structure of SspB bound to an ssrA peptide is known. Here, we report the crystal structure of a complex between SspB and its recognition peptide in RseA. Notably, the RseA sequence is positioned in the peptide-binding groove of SspB in a direction opposite to the ssrA peptide, the two peptides share only one common interaction with the adaptor, and the RseA interaction site is substantially larger than the overlapping ssrA site. This marked diversity in SspB recognition of different target proteins indicates that it is capable of highly flexible and dynamic substrate delivery.</p>