Crystal structure of the central coiled-coil domain from human liprin-β2.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Biochemistry, Volume 50, Issue 18, p.3807-15 (2011)
Keywords:Biochemistry, Carrier Proteins, Chromatography, Gel, Cloning, Molecular, Cross-Linking Reagents, Crystallography, X-Ray, Dimerization, DNA-Binding Proteins, Escherichia coli, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Peptide Hydrolases, Protein Binding, Protein Conformation, Protein Structure, Secondary, Protein Structure, Tertiary
<p>Liprins are a conserved family of scaffolding proteins important for the proper regulation and development of neuronal synapses. Humans have four liprin-αs and two liprin-βs which all contain long coiled-coil domains followed by three tandem SAM domains. Complex interactions between the coiled-coil and SAM domains are thought to create liprin scaffolds, but the structural and biochemical properties of these domains remain largely uncharacterized. In this study we find that the human liprin-β2 coiled-coil forms an extended dimer. Several protease-resistant subdomains within the liprin-β1 and liprin-β2 coiled-coils were also identified. A 2.0 Å crystal structure of the central, protease-resistant core of the liprin-β2 coiled-coil reveals a parallel helix orientation. These studies represent an initial step toward determining the overall architecture of liprin scaffolds and understanding the molecular basis for their synaptic functions.</p>