Structure of the complex between teicoplanin and a bacterial cell-wall peptide: use of a carrier-protein approach.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr, Volume 69, Issue Pt 4, p.520-33 (2013)
Keywords:Anti-Bacterial Agents, Carrier Proteins, Cell Wall, Crystallization, Crystallography, X-Ray, Glycopeptides, Ligands, Micromonosporaceae, Protein Binding, Protein Precursors, Teicoplanin
<p>Multidrug-resistant bacterial infections are commonly treated with glycopeptide antibiotics such as teicoplanin. This drug inhibits bacterial cell-wall biosynthesis by binding and sequestering a cell-wall precursor: a D-alanine-containing peptide. A carrier-protein strategy was used to crystallize the complex of teicoplanin and its target peptide by fusing the cell-wall peptide to either MBP or ubiquitin via native chemical ligation and subsequently crystallizing the protein-peptide-antibiotic complex. The 2.05 Å resolution MBP-peptide-teicoplanin structure shows that teicoplanin recognizes its ligand through a combination of five hydrogen bonds and multiple van der Waals interactions. Comparison of this teicoplanin structure with that of unliganded teicoplanin reveals a flexibility in the antibiotic peptide backbone that has significant implications for ligand recognition. Diffraction experiments revealed an X-ray-induced dechlorination of the sixth amino acid of the antibiotic; it is shown that teicoplanin is significantly more radiation-sensitive than other similar antibiotics and that ligand binding increases radiosensitivity. Insights derived from this new teicoplanin structure may contribute to the development of next-generation antibacterials designed to overcome bacterial resistance.</p>