Crystal Structure of an i-Motif from the HRAS Oncogene Promoter.
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, p.e202301666 (2023)
<p>An i-motif is a non-canonical DNA structure implicated in gene regulation and linked to cancers. The C-rich strand of the HRAS oncogene, 5'-CGCCCGTGCCCTGCGCCCGCAACCCGA-3' (here referred to as iHRAS), forms an i-motif in vitro but its exact structure was unknown. HRAS is a member of the RAS proto-oncogene family. About 19% of US cancer patients carry mutations in RAS genes. We solved the structure of iHRAS at 1.77 Å resolution. The structure reveals that iHRAS folds into a double hairpin. The two double hairpins associate in an antiparallel fashion, forming an i-motif dimer capped by two loops on each end and linked by a connecting region. Six C-C+ base pairs form each i-motif core, and the core regions are extended by a G-G base pair and C stacking. Extensive canonical and non-canonical base pairing and stacking stabilizes the connecting region and loops. The iHRAS structure is the first atomic resolution structure of an i-motif from a human oncogene. This structure sheds light on i-motifs folding and function in the cell.</p>